The general plan has to reproduce a picture of a of incident visually. It has to be made so that the person reading it could have a clear view where there was an event as where it is revealed. For performance of an task the plan has to meet the following requirements:
Thus, fixing of results of survey of a place of a can be carried out in several ways: of the protocol of inspection of the scene; of pictures; withdrawal of various subjects which can matter material evidences; production of copies in the form of molds and prints on a trace film; drawing of plans and schemes of a scene, different measurement; sketch.
By selective method it is examined when there is basis for the assumption that traces and material evidences are localized in certain points. For example, at autoincidents such traces happen when the car makes a number of consecutive arrivals. Carrying out survey does not mean in the selective way at all that other part of a of incident will not be fined. It also, but not so in details.
From the point of view of coverage of space use usually two methods: either continuous, or selective. At a method of survey the territory is divided into separate sites with concrete borders and consistently examine each site. Inspection can be performed the movement on the extending spiral so that all the time to be in limits of direct visibility (5 — 15 steps of already passable way.
In this regard A. I. Vinberg who specified in due time is right that "two stages of survey should be considered not as twice repeated survey of all situation and as two-moment, but uniform survey in the process".0 Sometimes in literature the general survey is called static, and detailed — dynamic. The similar identification is wrong. At the general survey the of a scene in general (generally a look is studied. survey is understood as survey of concrete objects, proofs, traces and so forth. As the static method consists that the person examining moves nothing and anything does not touch, i.e. leaves a scene without change so far as it has external similarity to the general survey. Insolvency of such identification becomes at once obvious in relation to survey as it includes both static, and dynamic receptions.
workers have militias, arrived earlier, and also persons finds out who and under what circumstances incident, what changes happened on a scene from the moment of detection and before arrival of a who for what purpose made changes who and for what purpose visited a scene that did and where could leave traces;
Some authors call static survey passive, and dynamic — aktivnym.0 it is impossible to call Similar terminology successful at least because at static survey the investigator acts not less actively, than at dynamic survey. It is necessary to emphasize that static and dynamic survey needs to be considered as certain techniques, ways, but not as twice repeated survey that, for example, M. E. Evgenyev does, calling dynamic survey the second osmotrom.0
In relation to the considered ways of survey in literature there is a concept of so-called and objective survey. Such division was for the first time by Hans Gross who wrote that "such systems there can be two: subjective or. Subjective takes place when the judicial sdedovatel examines and describe separate subjects in that look and an order in what he finds them or from a place, from where he, the investigator, arrived or entered — or in such order as had to pass by them guilty at the arrival and removal", 0 and at an objective way survey is conducted as a natural arrangement of objects one after another. The terminology applied in this case substantially by the conditional.